Torres has just breastfed her young son Luis Joel and she wants to eat something sweet. “A candy, a cookie,” she says, sitting in the hammock of the PVC house where she is. “It’s anxiety,” he concludes. In a few hours, this 30-year-old Venezuelan will embark for the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil, leaving Boa Vista, in the north of the country, accompanied by her six children. The oldest, 10-year-old Estrella, wears a ruched flowery dress. Her hair is adorned with a row of colored clips, as are her sisters: Kereane, 5; Luciane, 7; and Victoria, 6. Abraham, 8, was the only boy, until Joel’s arrival. It is the first time that they will get on a plane, heading to an unknown city. But there are no alternatives. They need to survive and inBrazil found a way.

All of her children were born in Ciudad Bolívar, except Joel, whom Dorianny gave birth to while living in a refugee camp in Boa Vista, the capital of the state of Roraima . On September 8, she had contractions and was transferred to the public hospital in the capital, in the middle of the pandemic . Joel, chubby and with wide-awake black eyes, was born in normal labor. His life, since then, is not different only because he came into the world from a different place than his brothers.

Joel is the synthesis of a new cycle of immigration that Brazil welcomes, since Venezuela collapsed with the
Since 2015, the number of Venezuelans who crossed the border to reach Brazil has risen. However, since 2018 there has been a vertiginous jump in the entry of Venezuelans that has made them the largest foreign community in the country. The city of Pacaraima, on the border with the Venezuelan city of Santa Elena de Uairén, in northern Brazil, was receiving an average of 500 people a day , a flow interrupted by the pandemic that closed the borders in March this year .

Today 262,475 Venezuelans live in Brazil, more than double the number two years ago. The majority, in migrant status, requesting to live here with a visa of at least two years. Another 46,647 accepted refugee status , arguing the lack of human rights conditions in their country of origin. There are also 102,504 Venezuelans with pending refugee applications, on the waiting list to obtain the documentation that will accept them as residents. They make up the highest number of refugee requests by nationality, according to the Brazilian Committee for Refugees (CONARE). According to the migration records of the Brazilian Ministry of Justice, Venezuelans outnumbered Portuguese, Haitians and Bolivians, who until recently represented the main foreign groups residing in Brazil.

The great mass of Venezuelans who have entered Brazil as of 2018 did so through Pacaraima, and a good part have stayed there or in the capital of Roraima, Boa Vista, three hours from the border. With the flow concentrated in the north, the rest of Brazil did not notice the silent evolution of the migration of Venezuelans. No one knows this new migratory cycle as well as the inhabitants of Roraima.

It is not a very calm coexistence to be said. Venezuelans already occupy 40% of the state’s hospital beds, warned Governor Antonio Denarium in February this year, when a protest in Pacaraima tried to prevent the entry of new Venezuelans. Half of the students in Pacaraima schools are also children from Venezuela. The Brazilian government did not prepare for a response to the height of migration, and Roraima was not equipped for the new challenge. It has been a bumpy road for those arriving from the north of the country.

A scenario that is repeated throughout the history of Brazil, a country forged by hundreds of nationalities who arrive here. The first Japanese to arrive, at the beginning of the 20th century, for example, also experienced resistance. In 1914, São Paulo had 10,000 Japanese immigrants fleeing the difficulties of feudal Japan. Brazil had, at that time, 25.5 million inhabitants. They came to work in agriculture when Brazil was forced to give up slave labor after the abolition of slavery in 1888. It took a while for them to earn the respect of the landowners who hired them. There were episodes of racism and prejudice at the time, the same as those Venezuelans face in the cities of Roraima.

Adaptation and reception
The total number of Venezuelans in Brazil is a small percentage when compared to the 5.5 million mass that has already gone to other countries , especially Colombia and Peru — each one has received more than a million of them — and Chile (almost half a million).

The Brazilian territory is already the fifth largest recipient of Venezuelans, according to the Organization of American States (OAS) . Because it has a different language, Brazil has been the last option to emigrate. But, given the reluctance of those less populated countries, which welcomed many more Venezuelans before, it was better to face the differences.

Brazil also paved the way. He reduced the bureaucracy to receive them by declaring that Venezuela was a country in which serious and widespread human rights violations were committed. The National Committee for Refugees adopted the prima facie procedure, which eliminates the

detailed – and delayed – interviews in which it is decided whether or not to grant the foreigner a temporary residence or refugee visa. This mechanism guaranteed an unprecedented facility to welcome Venezuelans to the continent. Today, of the little more than 49,000 refugees in Brazil of different nationalities, 95% are Venezuelans.

The Government of Jair Bolsonaro assumed and expanded the so-called Operation Welcome, created in 2018 during the Government of Michel Temer, with the joint work of 12 ministries, which facilitated the access of Venezuelan immigrants. “There is a feeling in Venezuela that Brazil treats its people well,” says David Smolansky, former mayor of El Hatillo, one of the districts of Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. Smolansky acts today at the Organization of American States (OAS), in Washington, the group that monitors Venezuelans who emigrated.

He himself came fleeing the fury of Maduro, who began to persecute him in his capacity as an opponent. When he received an arrest warrant, he was forced to remain in hiding. For three or four days he traveled more than 1,000 kilometers towards the border disguised as a seminarian so as not to be recognized.

Wearing glasses, a cassock and no beard, Smolansky managed to arrive in Brazil in 2017, with the help of then-Foreign Minister Aloysio Nunes. From there, he continued to the United States, where he began working for a coalition to restore full democracy in Venezuela.

The Brazilian Government has guaranteed those arriving from another country, such as Venezuelans, that they can live as Brazilian citizens (with the exception of voting). They have their own tax identification document, they attend public health services, their children go to school and they can move freely around the country. And many receive aid from the government program for families with few resources, known as Bolsa Familia. During the pandemic, they even had access to basic emergency income to overcome the health crisis.

At least 42,519 received this subsidy from Caixa Econômica Federal, Brazil’s state financial institution. The bank’s president, Pedro Guimarães, even said in an interview that in the city of Pacaraima there are more Venezuelans than Brazilians collecting aid. Money feeds, but part of him goes to Venezuela, to help needy relatives. “What is little here, there is a lot,” says Dorianny, who had the help of Bolsa Familia and access to emergency income during the pandemic. Part of what comes to him is sent to his parents.


  1. 995577 656064I really got into this article. I found it to be intriguing and loaded with unique points of interest. I like to read material that makes me believe. Thank you for writing this excellent content material. 499291

  2. 929389 75157Spot lets start on this write-up, I seriously believe this incredible website requirements significantly much more consideration. Ill a lot more likely once again to read a great deal far more, several thanks that information. 413773

  3. 490770 487097Hello! I could have sworn Ive been to this weblog before but soon after browsing through some of the post I realized it is new to me. Anyways, Im definitely happy I identified it and Ill be book-marking and checking back often! 126801

  4. 719167 44013Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging appear easy. The overall look of your site is magnificent, as effectively as the content material! xrumer 325774

  5. 859875 22448Soon after study a couple of of the blog articles for your web site now, and that i truly like your method of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark internet site list and are checking back soon. Pls consider my internet web site too and inform me what you consider. 848051

  6. 93354 466172The next time I just read a weblog, I actually hope which it doesnt disappoint me up to this 1. Get real, Yes, it was my choice to read, but I personally thought youd have something fascinating to convey. All I hear can be a handful of whining about something you can fix within the event you werent too busy trying to locate attention. 856012

  7. 837588 799761This internet site is often a walk-through like the info you wanted in regards to this and didnt know who to question. Glimpse here, and you will definitely discover it. 226537

  8. You made some decent points there. I looked on the net for
    more information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this website.

  9. 970172 850530I real glad to uncover this web internet site on bing, just what I was searching for : D likewise saved to bookmarks . 866215

  10. 178832 505934Hello I located the No cost Simple Shopping Icons Download | Style, Tech and Internet post really interesting therefore Ive included our track-back for it on my own webpage, continue the wonderful job:) 544292

  11. Hi there, You have done an excellent job. I will certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends.
    I am confident they will be benefited from this site.

  12. 665378 692691Empathetic for your monstrous inspect, in addition Im just seriously great as an alternative to Zune, and consequently optimism them, together with the very very good critical reviews some other players have documented, will let you determine whether it does not take appropriate choice for you. 181377

  13. 167481 890375Watch the strategies presented continue reading to discover and just listen how to carry out this amazing like you organize your company at the moment. educational 380496

  14. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice even as you amend your site, how can i
    subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.

    I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided
    vivid clear idea

  15. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your
    point. You definitely know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  16. I just like the helpful info you supply in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently.

    I’m relatively certain I’ll be told many new stuff right right
    here! Best of luck for the next!

  17. 924970 84343Thank you pertaining to giving this superb content on your web-site. I discovered it on google. I may possibly check back once again should you publish extra aricles. 682258

  18. 768678 680952Interesting point of view. Im curious to think what type of impact this would have globally? Sometimes people get a little upset with global expansion. Ill be around soon to have a look at your response. 411146

  19. Just wish to say your article is as surprising. The clarity in your submit is
    simply excellent and i could think you’re knowledgeable on this subject.
    Fine with your permission allow me to grab your feed to stay up to date with
    approaching post. Thanks 1,000,000 and please continue the rewarding work.

  20. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.

    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on numerous
    websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform.

    I have heard excellent things about
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into
    it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  21. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  22. Hi there every one, here every person is sharing these familiarity,
    so it’s good to read this webpage, and I used to
    visit this web site everyday.

  23. Today, I went to the beachfront with my kids.
    I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old
    daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear
    and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside
    and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell

  24. Have you ever considered creating an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs?
    I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would
    really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my audience would
    enjoy your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.

  25. Someone necessarily help to make significantly articles I
    would state. That is the first time I frequented your web page and so far?
    I surprised with the analysis you made to make this particular post incredible.
    Great task!


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here